Operator Film and Television: Profession of

World of translation : Cinema
, 23:35

There is a famous phrase that the viewer sees the film through the eyes of himselfOn the operator. That depends on it will look like on the screen action, which occurs before the film, television camera. With the composition, color, black and white solutions frame texture frame helps the operator to realize all ideas director and screenwriter. Any actor knows that it depends on the operator, as it will appear on the screen.

In order to make the film work of art the operator uses two tools - the camera and light. The camera operator builds compose the shot, is the best camera angles. The camera can be either static or dynamic, ie the camera during shooting can move in space. To this end, andUse dollies, cranes, special stabilizing devices - stedikamy. Applying various optics, the operator changes the camera angle, amplifies or attenuates perspective focuses on the main character, or vice versa takes overall plan and shows the vast expanses. With the help of light and shadow operator draws on the screen aliveLEGEND- canvas, he discovers the volume and texture in the frame. He leads the overall color color individual episodes and the movie as a whole.

Job combines artistic and technical components of the film. As a creative worker, he must have artistic taste, have knowledge of the history of art, phFargo, cinema, an excellent knowledge of the laws of composition, to be able to work with natural and artificial lighting. As a technician, he must have knowledge in the field of lighting, electronics, mechanics, chemistry, optics, and a good knowledge of subjects such as: Photoprocesses and photographs, film, TV equipment, light meter tsvetovedens, computer science, combined, special kinds of shooting and much more.
In preparing the statement of Film and Television huge role played by the presence of modern material and technical base. Without professional shooting equipment, special lighting, and various auxiliary camera equipment, advanced video editingequip- ment is very difficult to properly prepare the operator.

Disciplines professional learning cycle:

  • art photography;
  • technology to shoot and edit;
  • operator workshop;
  • Kinotelesvetlotehnika and chromatics;
  • Metering;
  • kinokompozitsiya;
  • trick photography;
  • special types of shooting;
  • basics kinoteletehniky and optics;
  • craftsmanship movie cameraman;
  • history of cinema;
  • radio journalism;
  • kinoteleproizvodstvo;
  • music in the movie;
  • basics documentary;
  • history of costume and everyday life;
  • cinema television advertising.

Entrance Test

Persons wishing to specialize film, teleoperatorstvo should have knowledge of the history and theory of photography, film and television; own equipment and technology of photography;have knowledge of the basics of fine arts, physics, in the amount of high school (sections: electricity, light, optics).

Preliminary creative competition:

Audition consists of several stages. Submitting documents, the applicant also provides advice on the selection own photographs (Cherbut white and color) in an amount of 20-30 pc. format 18x24 cm. Photos must be submitted to the mat, signed on the reverse side: title, surname, first name, shooting conditions (digital cameras, shutter speed, aperture, film speed or matrix). Photos must be taken in different genres: portrait, still life and genre pictures,reportage shots, landscape. Projected telecommuting on qualifying consultations are not served.

Testing creative orientation:

The first tests - creative photography

An applicant must take pictures with a digital or film camera (on site). Mandatory program is Postanovke composition and light in the pavilion and feasibility of the operating conditions on location, which is accompanied by such problems:

  • plaster bust in the Hall (three images with different lighting conditions);
  • portrait composition in the pavilion (three images with different character waspsillumination is);
  • landscape (one shot);
  • genre scenes on location (three shots);
  • or event-themed photo essay on the nature (three shots);
  • a documentary portrait on location or in the interior (two shots).

Made in the exam format photographs 13x18 cm, as well as the works presented at the creative competition, accompanied by technological annotations and explanations. These materials are subject to the exam creative and technical analysis. Revealing the author's idea of ??a snapshot coming should clearlyon and convincingly justify the choice of composition, shooting techniques, his light and tonal solution. Before entering the exam must be trained in safety devices work with highlights.

The second test - a specialty (orally)

An applicant must answer questions concerningprinciples of imaging film and electronic digital method:

  • photographic processes, materials and equipment in the black-and-white and color photography;
  • sections in physics, "Optics", "light", "Electricity" (program of high school);
  • fundamentals of visual art and stage history of painting, photography, film and television.

An applicant must be familiar with the works of outstanding domestic and foreign photography, film and TV personalities, to know the classics of the fine arts, as well as works by leadinging domestic and foreign operators to be able to determine the characteristics of creative artists, indicate the qualitative level of knowledge of the applicant.

Author: World of translation
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