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Baby diapers. The history of occurrence.


We will probably never know what swaddled newborn Jesus deMaria Island. According to some sources – a shroud or cover, other – in sheepskin. One thing is clear – more than 2,000 years ago in a cave among the straw for cattle herding Mary did not have the amount of diapers and blankets necessary to the birth of a defenseless baby. And not to worry about that at the moment the Mother of God.

In all BPENames child birth followed by a series of rituals that prepare the little man to a difficult life on earth. His washed from original sin, to give light weight amulets, clothed and swaddled. In some countries the boys immediately circumcised, others – pierced ear or nostril. In Russia, for example, once the baby was wrapped in his father's shirt&Ndash; indelibly impregnated with the sweat. Let the first days will feel the taste of life! The more hopes and expectations are placed on the newborn, the harder and more carefully were the rituals associated with its appearance.

17th century

In France XVII century there was a different situation. Bourgeois family, imitating AristoKratom, preferred to abandon the feeding and care of their babies, throwing off their hands on professional caretakers. The birth (and death) of another loudmouth could never make any difference and go unnoticed (not for the mother, of course). Often parents are not burdened by caring for their offspring, could not even be aware of two or three detey they poteryali.I is something extraordinary in the background! The paradox, but understandable. The concept of original sin in France meant a lot. The newborn was primarily a little sinner, inherited the vices of their biblical ancestors.

A special children's fashion had not adhered to, but not in rags wrapped babies. Only then its extreme&Ndash; young Frenchman literally chained in diapers. In order: vest up to the navel, shorter jacket, two linen blanket on his head – three-layer cap with a ribbon on top to press the ears. Plus thick wool blanket. Poor people dwell on this. Rich added ceremonial expensive clothes with lace andyshivkoy. All this cocoon was intended to keep the poor man in a stationary state, in order to give it a respectable and proper person to the position.

There are cases where due to fear of ugliness and deformation of babies at birth tightly bandaging foot. By the way, in the north of the Nenets still swaddled children just below the stomach. But their otherconsiderations – do not need to be washed every time wet sliders. Free from the bonds only when the child begins to make an attempt to go.

Back in the XVII century. Province. Wooden house. On the wall – hook. Hook – Cocoon Child. Dogs bark, but can not get it. The mother – complete absence of the need to deal withchild. Occasionally comes elder sister – feed and change the sodden clothes. Blatant lack of sanitation.

In general, the problem of personal hygiene in those days cared little adults. Surprising the French adored perfume, but hated the water. Even in the halls of the royal palaces was indescribable stench. Louis XIII (born in 1601)in the first nine months was the first time groomed. In 5 years, he washed his feet, 7 – he first takes a bath in company with her sister. You can imagine all the diseases and skin infection, which leads to this way of life.

Little by little kiddies freed from the cradle arms and legs: baby took his first steps. Pioneers have put SHORTsomething feminine dress with braces – learned to walk. Such clothing rearranged from old parent stocks, of course, do not wash, passing with it inherited a full set of microbes.

For a long time the boys wore girls' dresses. Such people: « Milk on the lips is not dried out & raquo ;, meaning young age and etc.eye even indifference to the division by gender. Only seven years the boy got the right to put on a real man's clothing. However, the tradition of dressing the children wore a dress sometimes purely practical. Especially in the provinces. The kids had no underwear, no problems coping dire need.

18th Century

In the XVIII century preached the idea of ??natural origin. The sign of decency in women – self-feeding and education of their children. The child becomes a cult figure. He was freed from the painful blankets and diapers. Now mothers can freely squeeze play and cuddle her baby. Finally, began to thinkXia and children's fashion. Nedavnorozhdennye gentlemen – in long velvet trousers, lady – in white cotton dress with a high waist.

19th Century

Since the XIX century, women could not even think of any other career than motherhood. She was responsible for the health, welfare, nravssibility of their offspring. Well, diapering has become a real science. Here is a typical list of the dowry required in the 40s of the XIX century to the birth of the child: 4 nightgowns, 4 bonnet cotton flannel and 4, 4 day undershirts, 5 long dresses, aprons 8, 24 diapers, 4 wide flannel and calico sash, 3 white shawl, not to mention the bib,blankets and sheets. Mandatory requirement – everything must be white and boiled, for cleanliness is important, not only the body but also the spirit. In England, for example, tended more toward red flannel, because they believed it bringing good luck. Is not it a list of dowry two centuries ago did not become obsolete?

Teeth on edge stereotype malchICAM – blue, girls – Rose – appeared at the beginning of the XX century. New fashion completely supplanted white. Where did this fascination? Nobody knows for sure. Moreover – in Belgium, the established custom is the reverse order. In the 60th year in a range of colors baby clothes tried to introduce orange and green. But stopANOVA still on pastel pink and blue, reminiscent of tenderness, freshness and innocence newborn cherubs.

The 20th century

We were quick to part with XX century, but in fact it was he who gave us in 1910, the first children's pants, comfortable underwear, a variety of fabrics and textures. There was a practicallingual, though not durable, synthetic. But every country has continued its unspoken rules. In Germany and Italy newborn buy clothes only from pure cotton and wool. In conservative England many centuries practiced the execution by hanging forever abandoned bows and knots in the neck baby. But like tweed and velvet, onsampling and lace. In France – craze environmentally friendly materials. Modern Madame care about elegance and comfort in the clothes of their babies. Newborns French – thumbnail adult. They have a costume day, evening and weekends. Russian newborns, though forced to wear the Turkish or ChineseIn style and originality will not yield any foreigners.

Is it possible to argue that the earlier children loved less than it is now? No, I just loved them differently. It does not matter that we process swaddling XVII century seems silly and even cruel. Our modern children's fashion for African tribes, too, may seem barbarianoh. Their black toddler from birth are Adam's costume. The main fact that the person was good …

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