How to prepare the potatoes before farming
Methods of sprouting potatoes:the
- First way. Carefully put bought potatoes in a cool place in several layers. Perfect boxes for such purposes. Should pay a visit to the potato once a week-turning plants. They should germinate evenly. Every week they have a little spray of water plants;
- Second way. 6 pounds of potatoes should be placed in a transparent bag made of polyethylene. This package must contain a small hole so he could do air. The packs can be hung directly on the balcony. When it's time to plant potatoes, then deliver the packages to the site is not difficult;
- the Third way. If you want to culture quickly grew and developed, it is possible to plant potatoes in the ground with a ready-made root system. To achieve this, it is necessary for 10-15 days before planting to find a box and sleep inside of sawdust 3-4 cm by the Way, perfect torterella mixture. When the task is done, you should put in there culture. On top they need to sprinkle the same mixture. It is important to water the tubers in warm water. To disinfect the plants you need to use a teaspoon of copper sulfate per 10 liters of water.
Planting early potatoes
In each region to plant early potatoes at different times. It all depends on temperature. You should start planting potatoes when the temperature conditions of the earth at a depth of 6-8 inches will reach more than 5-7 degrees Celsius.
Should be space between the potatoes 60-70 centimeters. The space between bushes in a row should be 20-25 cm. You need to plant the tubers very carefully. Transfer them you need a lump with the mixture you used for germinating. When the plant is placed in the ground, on top you need to sprinkle a small amount of humus, the message of ash, egg shell, peel onion and a small amount of droppings of birds. When planting is finished, then you need to loosen the ground with a rake. This will avoid soil crust.
in the Spring weather is extremely unpredictable. A sudden frost can easily destroy the entire crop. This can be easily avoided if you use agrodan or plastic wrap. Materials are able to protect cultures against any adversity.
Many gardeners use this material for your garden. Polyethylene perfectly protects early potatoes from a sudden frost. Should cover culture strips of tape and the edges covered with earth or put something heavy to hold the film off at the first gust of wind. It should be noted that the material should not be much to pull, otherwise it will damage young shoots.
you need to Choose a dense and robust film. In General, is selected depending on requirements. On the market today presented a great diversity of films. They differ in strength, density, color, transparency, etc.
While the potato does not rise, it needs no ventilation. However, the culture at the stage of sprouts need fresh air flow. Unfortunately, the film cannot absorb a sufficient amount of air, so when the seedlings, the material will have to constantly remove and then again to cover the culture. When the bushes reach 10-15 cm in height, it is possible to make small holes for ventilation plants. The holes needs to be done in a staggered manner at a distance of 15 centimeters from each other.
Polyethylene is suitable only for those gardeners who spend a lot of time on their plots, because of the material you need to constantly keep an eye on. When the street is hot weather, the earth under the film can reach the temperature to 40-45 degrees Celsius. If there is such a high temperature, plants will cease to grow. As you know, the heat will have to remove the film, and at frosts again to pull. If you do not follow the film, it can lead to tragic consequences.
Translated by "Yandex.Translate": translate.yandex.ru.
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