In Ternopil World Immunization Week takes

annually in the last week of April under the auspices of the World Health Organization held the World Immunization Week. This year focuses on the elimination of gaps in immunization, since according to the WHO, every fifth child in a world gripped by vaccination. "Infectious diseases ofalyshayutsya a major cause of disability and mortality in the world: 24.7% of all deaths due to infectious pathology; 63% of children's deaths associated with infectious pathology - said the head of the department of epidemiology and sanitary protection area PG Derzhsanepidemsluzhby in Mar.Exposure Pavelyeva. - Yes, every year in the world 2 million. Children die of pneumonia; 200 thousand. children die due to complications of measles; 1 mln. children fall ill with pertussis, of which 350 thousand. die; 500 thousand. Children die from infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b; 500 thousand. Born with congenital rubella symptoms; almost 30 thousand. Wash childrenrayut of meningococcal infection. Immunization prevents annually 2 to 3 million deaths and allows to protect children from pneumonia and rotavirus diarrhea, which account for most child deaths under 5 years. Through innovative design and combination vaccines nowadays can protect adolescents and adultsid diseases such as influenza, meningitis and cervical cancer. " Reference: Infectious diseases that can be prevented by vaccination: Tuberculosis - is an infectious disease caused by specific pathogens (mycobacteria) and is characterized by a primary lesion of the lungs and other organs. According to the World Health Organization Zdorov'ya Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the world infected 2 billion. people - 1/3 of the world's population. Every year, tuberculosis sick 8 million people and kills 3 million. (5 thousand. Daily). TB prevention through vaccination is the main way to combat this dangerous disease. Immunization as a method of specific prevention among childrenth population, provides 80% of cases immunity (protection from all forms of TB). Hepatitis B - a viral infection, accompanied by liver. In 30% of cases of acute form of the disease becomes chronic, which is a major cause of cirrhosis and primary liver cancer. Up to 95% of hepatitisB is preventable by vaccination. To prevent dangerous infections - diphtheria, tetanus pertussis combination vaccine is used (tselyulyarnyy component), diphtheria and tetanus (DPT). Pertussis - contagious respiratory disease. Pertussis disease in 25% of children in the first years of life may be accompanied by respiratory arrest, inflammation lehen; 3% may encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), seizures. Children who recover from pertussis at an early age in the future can keep up with their peers in mental development. The most effective way to combat pertussis infection is early immunization of the child population. Thanks to vaccination against pertussis prevented the world85.5 million. Cases and 760 thousand. Deaths. Diphtheria of the most serious infections. Particular danger to the life of a toxic form of diphtheria that in a large percentage of cases can result in death. In severe ill with diphtheria usually not vaccinated children. Half the people who have had diphtheria remainsevere heart disease. Applicable only preventive measure is vaccination. Tetanus - an acute infectious disease of the mechanism of transmission through damaged skin covers and mucous membranes. Pathogen Tetanus is able to persist and multiply in the soil. Tetanus is accompanied by convulsions and may result in death. Only timelypits specific emergency vaccination and preventable disease in tetanus. Polio - an acute viral infection. In dovaktsynalnyy period paralytic poliomyelitis urazhav thousands and tens of thousands of people, of which 10% died and 40% were disabled. Worldwide, the total number of children and adults with polio paralysis origin isTh 10-20 million. protection against this dangerous infection is the only vaccination. The causative agent of Haemophilus influenzae type b (HIB) is Haemophilus influenzae, which is most dangerous for children under 5 years old, leads the world 3 million. Serious diseases, including more than 450,000 fatal and a third of children recover, there are paralysis, tuhovuhist and other complications. Significant role HIB - infection plays in the development of purulent meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis, otitis. Treatment of HIB infections complicated pathogen resistant to many antibiotics. Under these conditions The priority HIB- means of fighting infection is vaccination. Measles - a viral infection of the respiratory tract. Fromand to WHO measles annually ill least 40 million. children die due to complications over 1 million. children. The only effective protection against measles is timely vaccination. Mumps - a widespread infant diseases. Ill mostly children aged 3 to 15 years. This infection is one of the most common causes of male affectiongonads. The boys in the future after suffering mumps orchitis (testicular inflammation) may develop testicular atrophy, tumors, impotence, impaired spermatogenesis, infertility. Rubella - a viral infection. There are two forms of the disease - congenital and acquired. Congenital form of the disease occurs in infants if a woman's pregnancyvorila rubella. All clinical manifestations of congenital rubella combined in the concept: congenital rubella syndrome. It is characterized by the development of neonatal heart defects, deafness, cataracts, pneumonia and others. The only measures aimed at reducing the incidence is vaccination. Acquired rubella can be complicated by encephalitis, arthritis, etc.rombotsytopeniyeyu. Cervical cancer - the most life-threatening cancer of women. Every day in Ukraine six young women die because of this disease, mortality 2 times the world average. With the discovery of the causative agent (oncogenic HPV) Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2008 awarded Hazur Hausen raldu. With the opening of the scholar received vaccines are highly effective against cervical cancer, which is recommended for immunization of girls to sexual initiation. 9 out of 10 cases of cervical cancer so preventable. Remember, better to prevent disease than to treat it. This was reported in Ternopil oblderzhadministratsiyi