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Domestication of plants - the origin of carrots and cabbage

2014
24
Feb
Alisa.SHCHetinina
viewsViews: 453         commentsComments: 0

As you know, culturalreferred to as the plants that are grown people to meet their needs. The vast majority of cultivated plants used for food, while others are used for the manufacture of medicines, paints, oils, and so on. D. To date, the number of cultivated plants is approximately 2,500 species, representing about 10% of the Sunex higher plants.
A few words about how to get started cultivation of plants

In general, cultivation – a concept known to mankind for a long time, since the Stone Age. However, at that time was of the nature of the unconscious cultivation of artificial selection. Somewhat later, people began to plant useful plants eyeLuo homes: the Bronze Age people have mastered the primitive agriculture. Then the people went ahead and began to explore the hybridization – intentional crossbreeding plants to secure certain characteristics.

It is said that most of the plants, edible modern humans, were cultivated for several thousand years prior to the presentupleniya AD. These plants are onions, rice, barley, beans, potatoes, carrots, sugar cane, pumpkin, banana and many others. Over the years of our era were domesticated few species of flora, including, for example, sugar beet.

Cultivation of vegetables familiar to us: let's talk about carrots and cabbage

As mentioned above, the cultivation touched many familiar from early childhood fruits and vegetables. However, it occurs in various scenarios. In order for you to have a better idea about this process offers short stories about the cultivation of carrots and cabbage.

Carrots originally ispolzovalas as a cure!

To begin with, the birthplace of the red and orange carrots in our days is called the Mediterranean, and the yellow and white carrots considered Asian. According to botanists, the difference in color of carrots is a consequence of adaptation of this vegetable to various environmental conditions.

The process of domestication of this root crop has begun about five thousand years ago, these events took place in an area where there is now Afghanistan. Originally carrots used as a medicinal plant, but then our ancestors realized that these useful roots can be eaten. Incidentally, it is worth noting that the wild seakov and to this day is found in many countries of Eurasia and North Africa. True, not the fact that when he saw the root in their natural habitat, you learn it: wild carrot is much thinner than its cultivated colleague, whose thick and fleshy fruits are the result of continuous selection, which, incidentally, continues to this day.However, our contemporaries do not work to increase the size of roots, but rather, on the contrary of their decreasing: nowadays huge popularity of the tiny baby carrot (from Eng. &Ndash; baby carrots), is considered a delicacy.

Cabbage - Nutrition head!

Just like carrots, kapusshe was appreciated even by primitive people. Presumably, the first attempts at cultivation of this vegetable have been made by the ancient Iberians, who lived in the Iberian Peninsula. These attempts were quite successful, so the cabbage became interested residents of other developed countries in that period – Egypt, Rome and Greece. In these countries,cabbage became not only grow, but also continue to reclaim, including new varieties. So, in the IV century BC. e. one of the first botanists Theophrastus wrote that at the time there were already three classes collard greens.

It is worth noting that that cabbage, eaten by the ancient Greeks and Romans, strongly exichalas from the usual vegetable for us, because then it was a leaf and branching – nowadays a cabbage grown in Western Europe as a forage crop. Familiar to us as cabbage appeared later – the first mention of it found in the works of Pliny the Elder and refer to the I century BC. e. Incidentally, about the same neperiod of time and is a little-known ancient Greek legend about the origin of cabbage. According to the story, cabbage appeared in the world due to the fact that Dionysus punished Thracian king Lycurgus and forced the tears that turn into cabbages. Seeing such an amazing sight, the king's subjects were shouting « Kaput & raquo ;, which translatesXia from Greek « head & raquo ;. It is from the word « Kaput & raquo ;, according to the Greeks, and was the name of this vegetable.

Talk about the origin and cultivation of various vegetables can be very long. If you are interested in the history of what you eat on a regular basis, you can find a lot of interestingof online e culinary encyclopedia Kulinarika. Here you will find informative and interesting, fruit, meat and other foods.

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